Human Development, Poverty and Youth

Poverty and human development have long been core areas of research for the department. Going beyond a narrow conception of per capita income, our approach incorporates health, education, living standards and quality of work – all of which enable productive, creative and autonomous lives.

Our present strength and reputation in this field is due mainly to two research groups: the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and Young Lives

ODID faculty, notably Professor Emerita Frances Stewart, participated in design, methodology and research for the UNDP's flagship Human Development Report from its foundation in 1990. This work has been continued and enlarged by OPHI, winner of the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2020. With its innovative Multidimensional Poverty Index, OPHI contributes globally to the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals and also engages with many national governments on data gathering and measurement of poverty to provide evidence for policy.

Building human capabilities necessarily starts with children, and the Young Lives project, initiated in 2001, conducts longitudinal study of childhood poverty following the lives of 12,000 children in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Carried out in collaboration with country partners, the study covers education, skills, work, health, nutrition, inequality, child protection and gender. This multi-country longitudinal research has now moved from studying children to youth, as their original child cohorts have grown older. Young Lives has also developed a new focus on work, in view of the crisis of youth employment.

02 Aug, 2012
Alkire-Foster Paper on Multidimensional Poverty on JEI Most Downloaded List
12 Jul, 2012
Young Lives Publishes New Paper on Child Development and Economic Development
14 May, 2012
ODID Academics Contribute to New Note on Future of Poverty Research and Policy
09 May, 2012
Study Shows Even Poorer Families Choose Private Education over Government Schools in India
27 Apr, 2012
Live Webcast: James E Foster Seminar on New Frontiers in Poverty Measurement
17 Apr, 2012
New OPHI Briefing Measures Poverty in Least Developed Countries
16 Mar, 2012
OPHI Launches New Projects with Chad Government, ECLAC
14 Mar, 2012
OPHI-HDCA Summer School on Capability and Multidimensional Poverty Now Taking Applications
29 Feb, 2012
New Index of Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Launched
23 Feb, 2012
New Young Lives Policy Brief Explores Relationship Between Orphanhood and Vulnerability