Human Development, Poverty and Youth

Poverty and human development have long been core areas of research for the department. Going beyond a narrow conception of per capita income, our approach incorporates health, education, living standards and quality of work – all of which enable productive, creative and autonomous lives.

Our present strength and reputation in this field is due mainly to two research groups: the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and Young Lives

ODID faculty, notably Professor Emerita Frances Stewart, participated in design, methodology and research for the UNDP's flagship Human Development Report from its foundation in 1990. This work has been continued and enlarged by OPHI, winner of the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2020. With its innovative Multidimensional Poverty Index, OPHI contributes globally to the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals and also engages with many national governments on data gathering and measurement of poverty to provide evidence for policy.

Building human capabilities necessarily starts with children, and the Young Lives project, initiated in 2001, conducts longitudinal study of childhood poverty following the lives of 12,000 children in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Carried out in collaboration with country partners, the study covers education, skills, work, health, nutrition, inequality, child protection and gender. This multi-country longitudinal research has now moved from studying children to youth, as their original child cohorts have grown older. Young Lives has also developed a new focus on work, in view of the crisis of youth employment.

Research
People
News
In the media
Breaking the intergenerational cycle of poverty? Young people’s education and employment trajector...
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Broadening the global understanding of poverty
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From a global measure to South-South collaboration on poverty measurement
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Identity performance of street-based youth in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
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Patterns, determinants, and effects of internal migration among young adults in Ethiopia, India, P...
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Health economics
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The glocalization of wellbeing and sustainability: a biosocial educational prototype for Peru, Bra...
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Negotiating time use: an inter-generational mixed methods approach to household decision-making on...
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Influencing policy on early marriage in India
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Hayley Jones
Research Student
Usha Kanagaratnam
Senior Research Officer, OPHI
Paul Kellner
Research Student
Andy McKay
Director, Young Lives
Ricardo Nogales Carvajal
Research Officer, OPHI
Christian Oldiges
Research Officer, OPHI
Shannon Philip
Research Student
Natalie Quinn
Senior Research Officer, OPHI
Lucia Rost
Research Student

Pages

10 Mar, 2020
Young Lives awarded £9.4 million to continue research into children and youth
26 Feb, 2020
OPHI, UNDP offer new MOOC on designing a Multidimensional Poverty Index
21 Feb, 2020
OPHI wins Queen’s Anniversary Prize for poverty research
14 Nov, 2019
New Young Lives project to share learning on challenges of longitudinal research
18 Jul, 2019
OPHI, UNDP launch 2019 Multidimensional Poverty Index
14 May, 2019
Sierra Leone launches national Multidimensional Poverty Index
27 Mar, 2019
New Young Lives book examines how poverty affects children's well-being and development and how policy can help
26 Mar, 2019
OPHI and Oxford University launch social enterprise to help business fight poverty
01 Mar, 2019
New special issue edited by Nandini Gooptu explores skill development in India
21 Dec, 2018
OPHI to host two distinguished lectures on Bhutan

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17 Apr, 2020
'Nearly 60 million of India’s poor most vulnerable'. Sabina Alkire and Christian Oldiges spoke to Hindustan Times about the high risk of the pandemic to India's most poor
14 Apr, 2020
'Coronavirus puts class dimension of mobility into sharp focus'. Prof Robin Cohen wrote for the Conversation on how the pandemic demonstrates the salience of class to the spread, containment and impact of infectious diseases
07 Apr, 2020
'South Africa’s army of informal workers face destitution'. DPhil Rocco Zizzamia talks to Financial Times about the pandemic's impact on South Africa's economy and the importance of a package of support to informal workers
03 Apr, 2020
'Access to digital learning during COVID-19 closures: compounding educational inequality?'. Rhiannon Moore and Lyida Marshall of Young Lives write on them implications of school closures across the world
01 Apr, 2020
'South Africa can - and should - top up child support grants to avoid a humanitarian crisis'. DPhil Rocco Zizzamia co-authored an article for the Conversation on the implications of the pandemic for precarious families in South Africa
26 Mar, 2020
'From cholera to corona: The politics of plagues in Africa'. Prof Simukai Chigudu discusses the lessons for coronavirus response that we can learn from the 2008 cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe
21 Feb, 2018
'Understand the lives of youth in low-income countries'. Young Lives Director Jo Boyden co-authors comment piece as part of Nature collection on Adolescence
21 Jan, 2018
'Punishment won't stop teenage pregnancies in Tanzania because "bad behaviour" isn't the cause'. Kate Pincock writes for The Conversation
16 Jan, 2018
'Ability versus aspiration'. Young Lives findings on educational aspirations and school effectiveness survey cited in India ASER report
22 Nov, 2017
Zimbabwe's public health crisis. Simukai Chigudu interviewed on BBC World

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