Human Development, Poverty and Youth

Poverty and human development have long been core areas of research for the department. Going beyond a narrow conception of per capita income, our approach incorporates health, education, living standards and quality of work – all of which enable productive, creative and autonomous lives.

Our present strength and reputation in this field is due mainly to two research groups: the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and Young Lives

ODID faculty, notably Professor Emerita Frances Stewart, participated in design, methodology and research for the UNDP's flagship Human Development Report from its foundation in 1990. This work has been continued and enlarged by OPHI, winner of the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2020. With its innovative Multidimensional Poverty Index, OPHI contributes globally to the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals and also engages with many national governments on data gathering and measurement of poverty to provide evidence for policy.

Building human capabilities necessarily starts with children, and the Young Lives project, initiated in 2001, conducts longitudinal study of childhood poverty following the lives of 12,000 children in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Carried out in collaboration with country partners, the study covers education, skills, work, health, nutrition, inequality, child protection and gender. This multi-country longitudinal research has now moved from studying children to youth, as their original child cohorts have grown older. Young Lives has also developed a new focus on work, in view of the crisis of youth employment.

Research
People
News
In the media
Breaking the intergenerational cycle of poverty? Young people’s education and employment trajector...
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Broadening the global understanding of poverty
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From a global measure to South-South collaboration on poverty measurement
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Identity performance of street-based youth in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
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Patterns, determinants, and effects of internal migration among young adults in Ethiopia, India, P...
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Health economics
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The glocalization of wellbeing and sustainability: a biosocial educational prototype for Peru, Bra...
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Negotiating time use: an inter-generational mixed methods approach to household decision-making on...
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Influencing policy on early marriage in India
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Alexandra Fortacz
Research Analyst, OPHI
Usha Kanagaratnam
Senior Research Officer, OPHI
Shipra Karan
Quantitative Research Assistant, Young Lives
Samuel McQuillen
Research Student
Rachel Morrow-Nguyen
Research Student
Georgia Oldis
Communications Officer, Young Lives
Cath Porter
Director, Young Lives
Celina Proffen
Student Visitor
Natalie Naïri Quinn
Senior Research Officer

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04 Mar, 2021
Latest Young Lives research finds COVID widening inequalities for poorest young people in developing countries
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23 Nov, 2020
COVID deepens inequalities for poorest young people in developing countries, research shows
09 Nov, 2020
New donation for OPHI research into links between poverty and the environment
A woman in mask stands in front of a screen presenting the vulnerability index
15 Oct, 2020
Honduras pilot project strengthens transparency in fight against COVID vulnerability
12 Aug, 2020
Initial findings from Young Lives at Work’s Phone Survey now published
16 Jul, 2020
Progress against multidimensional poverty at risk, 2020 global MPI shows
01 Jul, 2020
Andy McKay joins ODID as new Director of Young Lives
15 May, 2020
2020 BMI Prize awarded to Sabina Alkire 
06 Apr, 2020
Young Lives publish new open access book on child marriage
10 Mar, 2020
Young Lives awarded £9.4 million to continue research into children and youth

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22 Apr, 2020
'Distress deepens in Indian villages, worsening economic pain'. Professor Nikita Sud speaks to Bloomberg about rural unemployment in India in light of migrants' return to their villages
17 Apr, 2020
'Mobile immobility: Circular migrants in India during the pandemic'. Former ODID DPhil Indrajit Roy explains how exclusion of migrant workers in India is endemic, and how the lockdown has rendered their situation even more precarious
17 Apr, 2020
'Nearly 60 million of India’s poor most vulnerable'. Sabina Alkire and Christian Oldiges spoke to Hindustan Times about the high risk of the pandemic to India's most poor
14 Apr, 2020
'Coronavirus puts class dimension of mobility into sharp focus'. Prof Robin Cohen wrote for the Conversation on how the pandemic demonstrates the salience of class to the spread, containment and impact of infectious diseases
07 Apr, 2020
'South Africa’s army of informal workers face destitution'. DPhil Rocco Zizzamia talks to Financial Times about the pandemic's impact on South Africa's economy and the importance of a package of support to informal workers
03 Apr, 2020
'Access to digital learning during COVID-19 closures: compounding educational inequality?'. Rhiannon Moore and Lyida Marshall of Young Lives write on them implications of school closures across the world
01 Apr, 2020
'South Africa can - and should - top up child support grants to avoid a humanitarian crisis'. DPhil Rocco Zizzamia co-authored an article for the Conversation on the implications of the pandemic for precarious families in South Africa
26 Mar, 2020
'From cholera to corona: The politics of plagues in Africa'. Prof Simukai Chigudu discusses the lessons for coronavirus response that we can learn from the 2008 cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe
21 Feb, 2018
'Understand the lives of youth in low-income countries'. Young Lives Director Jo Boyden co-authors comment piece as part of Nature collection on Adolescence
21 Jan, 2018
'Punishment won't stop teenage pregnancies in Tanzania because "bad behaviour" isn't the cause'. Kate Pincock writes for The Conversation

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