Prof Jörg Friedrichs

Associate Professor of Politics

Jörg Friedrichs is Associate Professor at ODID and Official Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford. Taking a broad transdisciplinary approach to academic research, his main interests are in the fields of international relations and political sociology. Among other things, he has proposed an intercultural theory of international relations and a theory about the political use of emotions like fear and anger.

In recent years, Jörg has taken an interest in relations between Muslim minorities and non-Muslim majorities. He has published a book on Hindu-Muslim Relations: What Europe Might Learn from India (2019). In the context of the same project, Jörg has also published on Han-Muslim relations in China. Subsequently, Jörg has started investigating community relations between Muslims and non-Muslims in English inner cities. His focus is on community relations in a diverse set of urban neighbourhoods in East London, Birmingham and Halifax (West Yorkshire).

Jörg has studied Classics in Germany and Italy, finishing with a book on political rhetoric in the work of the ancient Greek historian Thucydides (2000). His doctoral studies in Political Science at Munich led to another book on European Approaches to International Relations Theory (2004). His postdoctoral research led to a third book, Fighting Terrorism and Drugs: Europe and International Police Cooperation (2008). His fourth book was The Future Is Not What It Used to Be: Climate Change and Energy Scarcity (2013).

Jörg has published on other topics ranging from denial and self-deception to security regionalism in East Asia and from pragmatic research methodology to China’s popularity in the Middle East and Africa. His articles have appeared in peer-reviewed journals such as International OrganizationInternational Theory, Third World Studies, and Philosophical Psychology.

Teaching & Supervision
In the media
Fear-anger contests: Governmental and populist politics of emotion
Muslims and non-Muslims in England

Jörg Friedrichs teaches for the MSc in Global Governance and Diplomacy. He teaches a seminar on Religion in World Politics and contributes to the foundation course on Global Governance and Diplomacy. He also teaches Qualitative Research Methods.

Doctoral supervision

Jörg is keen to supervise research in international relations and political sociology. He takes special interest in work on religion and world politics, as well as Muslim-majority relations.

Research Students supervised

Alex Barnes
Research Student
Zhifeng Chen
Research Student
Jozef Kosc
Research Student
Karolin Tuncel
Research Student

Books and monographs

Friedrichs, Jörg (2018) 'Hindu-Muslim Relations: What Europe Might Learn from India', London and New Delhi: Routledge
Friedrichs, Jörg (2008) 'Fighting Terrorism and Drugs: Europe and International Police Cooperation', London and New York: Routledge
Friedrichs, Jörg (2004) 'European Approaches to International Relations Theory: A House with Many Mansions', London and New York: Routledge
Friedrichs, Jörg (2000) 'Aufschlussreiche Rhetorik: Ein Versuch uber die Redekultur und ihren Verfall bei Thukydides', Wurzburg: Ergon

Journal articles and special issues

Friedrichs, Jörg (with Niklas Stoehr, Giuliano Formisano) (2022) 'Fear-anger contests: Governmental and populist politics of emotion', Online Social Networks and Media
Friedrichs, Jörg (2022) ' Ethnic segregation in schools: a study of non-decision making', Journal of Education Policy
Friedrichs, Jörg (2021) 'Majority-Muslim Hate Crimes in England: An Interpretive Quantitative Analysis', Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 41 (2) 215-32
Friedrichs, Jörg (2019) 'Explaining China’s popularity in the Middle East and Africa', Third World Quarterly 40 (9) 1634-54
Friedrichs, Jörg (2018) 'Intermestic security challenges: managing transnational bonds', European Journal of International Security 3 (2) 162-86
Friedrichs, Jörg (2018) 'Outlandish Christendom: the Catholic Church in India and China', Journal of Church and State 60 (4) 681-704
Friedrichs, Jörg (2017) 'Sino-Muslim relations: The Han, the Hui and the Uyghurs', Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 37 (1) 55-79
Friedrichs, Jörg (2016) 'Causal mechanisms and process patterns in international relations: thinking within and without the box', St Antony’s International Review 12 (1) 76-89
Friedrichs, Jörg (2014) 'Useful Lies: The Twisted Rationality of Denial', Philosophical Psychology 27 (2) 212-34
Friedrichs, Jörg (2013) 'Global Islamism and World Society', Telos 163 7-38
Friedrichs, Jörg (with Oliver R Inderwildi) (2013) 'The Carbon Curse: Are Fuel Rich Countries Doomed to High CO2 Intensities?', Energy Policy 62 1356-65
Friedrichs, Jörg (2012) 'East Asian Regional Security: What the ASEAN Family Can (Not) Do', Asian Survey 52 (4) 754-76
Friedrichs, Jörg (2011) 'Peak Energy and Climate Change: The Double Bind of Post-normal Science', Futures 43 (4) 469-77
Friedrichs, Jörg (with F Kratochwil) (2009) 'On Acting and Knowing: How Pragmatism Can Advance International Relations Research and Methodology', International Organization 63 (4) 701-31
Friedrichs, Jörg (2009) 'From Positivist Pretence to Pragmatist Awareness: Varieties of Pragmatic Methodology in IR Scholarship', International Studies Review 11 (3) pp 645-8
Friedrichs, Jörg (with C Friedsendorf) (2009) 'The Mercenary Debate: Privatized Security Cripples State-building; Iraq is a Case in Point', The American Interest 4 (6) 43-8
Friedrichs, Jörg (2001) 'The Meaning of New Medievalism', European Journal of International Relations 7 (4) 475-502
Friedrichs, Jörg (2001) 'International Relations Theory in France', Journal of International Relations and Development 4 (2) 118-37


Friedrichs, Jörg (2022) 'Thinking on time: How scholarly praxis can sustain, subvert and transform social reality'. In Gunther Hellmann, Jens Steffek (eds) Praxis as a Perspective on International Politics 197-211 , Bristol University Press
Friedrichs, Jörg (2020) 'Papal Presence in East and South Asia: China, India and Beyond'. In Mariano P Barbato (ed) The Pope, the Public and International Relations: Postsecular Transformations 97-117 , Palgrave Macmillan
Friedrichs, Jörg (2019) 'Escapology, or how to escape Malthusian traps'. In John Brewer, Neil Fromer and Frank Trentman (eds) Scarcity in the Modern World: History, Politics, Society and Sustainability, 1800-2075 115-31 , Bloomsbury
Friedrichs, Jörg (2014) 'Who's Afraid of Thomas Malthus?'. In Michael J Manfredo, Jerry J Vaske, Andreas Rechkemmer and Esther A Duke (eds) Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences 67-92 , New York: Springer
Friedrichs, Jörg (2012) 'Peak Oil Futures: Same Crisis, Different Responses'. In Oliver Inderwildi, Sir David King (eds) Energy, Transport and the Environment pp 55-75 , London: Springer
Friedrichs, Jörg (with C Friesendorf) (2010) 'The Privatization of Force and its Consequences: Unintended but not Unpredictable'. In C Daase, C Friesendorf (eds) Rethinking Security Governance: The Problem of Unintended Consequences 176-97 , London and New York: Routledge
Friedrichs, Jörg (2010) 'What Do We Mean When We Say Substance Matters?'. In O Kessler, R Hall, C Lynch, N Onuf (eds) On Rules, Politics and Knowledge: Friedrich Kratochwil, International Relations and Domestic Affairs 74-83 , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Friedrichs, Jörg (with O Waever) (2009) 'Western Europe: Structure and Strategy at the National and Regional Levels'. In A B Tickner, O Waever (eds) International Relations Scholarship Around the World pp 261-85 , London and New York: Routledge
Friedrichs, Jörg (2009) 'Global Governance as Liberal Hegemony'. In J Whitman (ed) Governance and Global (Dis)orders: Trends Transformations and Impasses pp 105-22 , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Friedrichs, Jörg (2006) 'The Nordic Countries'. In K E Jorgensen, T B Knudsen (eds) International Relations in Europe: Traditions, Perspectives and Destinations pp 125-48 , London and New York: Routledge
Friedrichs, Jörg (2006) 'When Push Comes to Shove: The Territorial Monopoly of Force and the Travails of Neomedieval Europe'. In M Burgess, H Vollaard (eds) State Territoriality and European Integration pp 228-51 , London and New York: Routledge
Friedrichs, Jörg (2005) 'Global Governance as the Hegemonic Project of Transatlantic Civil Society'. In M Lederer, P Muller (eds) Criticizing Global Governance pp 45-68 , Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Friedrichs, Jörg (2004) 'The Neomedieval Renaissance: Global Governance and International Law in the New Middle Ages'. In I F Dekker, W G Werner (eds) Governance and International Legal Theory pp 3-36 , Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff

Encyclopedia entries

Friedrichs, Jörg (2006) 'New Medievalism', In J A Scholte, R Robertson (eds) Encylopedia of Globalization Vol 3 London and New York: Routledge pp 873-75

Other publications

Friedrichs, Jörg (2013) 'Sinn und Zweck der Nachhaltigkeitstransformation: von ontologischer Unsicherheit zu sozioökologischer Resilienz', In Christopher Daase, Stefan Engert and Julian Junk (eds) Verunsicherte Gesellschaft, Überforderter Staat: Zum Wandel der Sicherheitskultur Frankfurt: Campus
Friedrichs, Jörg (2005) 'Politiche Nazionali a Confronto: Germania e Regno Unito', In G Vacca (ed) Dalla Convenzione alla Costituzione Bari: Dedalo pp 253-67
Friedrichs, Jörg (2003) 'What's New About the New Middle Ages?', Leiden Journal of International Law 16(3) 649-53
30 July, 2021
New article by Joerg Friedrichs explores majority-Muslim hate crimes in England
03 April, 2019
New article by Joerg Friedrichs seeks to explain China's popularity in Middle East and Africa
20 September, 2018
New book by Joerg Friedrichs explores India’s approach to Hindu-Muslim relations
12 January, 2018
New article by Joerg Friedrichs explores security challenges of managing transnational bonds
23 May, 2017
New article by Joerg Friedrichs examines Sino-Muslim relations
11 August, 2014
Joerg Friedrichs' Book Wins Honourable Mention in Rachel Carson Environment Book Award
27 September, 2013
Joerg Friedrichs Writes on IPCC Report in Guardian
10 September, 2013
Joerg Friedrichs Writes on Determinants of Gas Flaring for
22 August, 2013
Britain and Norway avoid the 'carbon curse' of countries rich in fossil fuels
26 March, 2013
Joerg Friedrichs Wins Fell Fund Award for Project on 'Carbon Curse'


22 Jan, 2020
'Coexistence and strife'. Joerg Friedrichs' book 'Hindu-Muslim Relations' reviewed in The Hindu
06 Dec, 2019
'Secularism under siege'. Joerg Friedrichs writes for Madras Courier
Research interests:

International relations; political sociology; Muslim-majority relations