Human Development, Poverty and Youth

Poverty and human development have long been core areas of research for the department. Going beyond a narrow conception of per capita income, our approach incorporates health, education, living standards and quality of work – all of which enable productive, creative and autonomous lives.

Our present strength and reputation in this field is due mainly to two research groups: the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and Young Lives

ODID faculty, notably Professor Emerita Frances Stewart, participated in design, methodology and research for the UNDP's flagship Human Development Report from its foundation in 1990. This work has been continued and enlarged by OPHI, winner of the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2020. With its innovative Multidimensional Poverty Index, OPHI contributes globally to the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals and also engages with many national governments on data gathering and measurement of poverty to provide evidence for policy.

Building human capabilities necessarily starts with children, and the Young Lives project, initiated in 2001, conducts longitudinal study of childhood poverty following the lives of 12,000 children in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Carried out in collaboration with country partners, the study covers education, skills, work, health, nutrition, inequality, child protection and gender. This multi-country longitudinal research has now moved from studying children to youth, as their original child cohorts have grown older. Young Lives has also developed a new focus on work, in view of the crisis of youth employment.

09 May, 2014
Young Lives Paper for UNDP HDRO Examines Youth Vulnerabilities in Life-course Transitions
25 Apr, 2014
Pakistan Signs Agreement to Develop National Multidimensional Poverty Index
24 Apr, 2014
Young Lives Releases New Data from School Survey in India and Peru
10 Apr, 2014
New Blog Post: John Hammock Details Knowledge Exchange Visit to China
21 Mar, 2014
New ODID Working Paper: Against Happiness by Frances Stewart
10 Mar, 2014
Philippine Government Adopts Poverty Measure Based on Alkire Foster Method
10 Mar, 2014
Podcast of Kevin Watkins Lecture on Education and the MDGs Now Online
05 Mar, 2014
New Blog Post: Frances Stewart on Why Happiness Is Not a Good Measure of Progress
13 Feb, 2014
New Book: Decolonizing Global Mental Health by China Mills
07 Feb, 2014
New Blog Post: Kirrily Pells Discusses Female Genital Mutilation