Human Development, Poverty and Youth

Poverty and human development have long been core areas of research for the department. Going beyond a narrow conception of per capita income, our approach incorporates health, education, living standards and quality of work – all of which enable productive, creative and autonomous lives.

Our present strength and reputation in this field is due mainly to two research groups: the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and Young Lives

ODID faculty, notably Professor Emerita Frances Stewart, participated in design, methodology and research for the UNDP's flagship Human Development Report from its foundation in 1990. This work has been continued and enlarged by OPHI, winner of the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2020. With its innovative Multidimensional Poverty Index, OPHI contributes globally to the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals and also engages with many national governments on data gathering and measurement of poverty to provide evidence for policy.

Building human capabilities necessarily starts with children, and the Young Lives project, initiated in 2001, conducts longitudinal study of childhood poverty following the lives of 12,000 children in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Carried out in collaboration with country partners, the study covers education, skills, work, health, nutrition, inequality, child protection and gender. This multi-country longitudinal research has now moved from studying children to youth, as their original child cohorts have grown older. Young Lives has also developed a new focus on work, in view of the crisis of youth employment.

24 Jan, 2014
New Young Lives Special Issue on School Quality
15 Jan, 2014
OPHI Director Discusses Multidimensional Poverty on Voice of Russia
09 Jan, 2014
Kevin Watkins of ODI to Give Talk on Challenges to Universal Education ahead of the MDGs on 6 March
21 Nov, 2013
Young Lives Shortlisted for Prestigious Civil Service Award
27 Sep, 2013
MPI Peer Network Holds Side Event at UN General Assembly
13 Aug, 2013
Young Lives Researchers Comment on World Youth Day
20 Jun, 2013
ODID's Proochista Ariana Wins Most Acclaimed Lecturer Award
11 Jun, 2013
Podcast of Amartya Sen Lecture Now Online
06 Jun, 2013
OPHI Launches Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network
31 May, 2013
New Report Using Young Lives Research Shows Impact of Malnourishment on Children's Learning