Human Development, Poverty and Youth

Poverty and human development have long been core areas of research for the department. Going beyond a narrow conception of per capita income, our approach incorporates health, education, living standards and quality of work – all of which enable productive, creative and autonomous lives.

Our present strength and reputation in this field is due mainly to two research groups: the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and Young Lives

ODID faculty, notably Professor Emerita Frances Stewart, participated in design, methodology and research for the UNDP's flagship Human Development Report from its foundation in 1990. This work has been continued and enlarged by OPHI, winner of the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2020. With its innovative Multidimensional Poverty Index, OPHI contributes globally to the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals and also engages with many national governments on data gathering and measurement of poverty to provide evidence for policy.

Building human capabilities necessarily starts with children, and the Young Lives project, initiated in 2001, conducts longitudinal study of childhood poverty following the lives of 12,000 children in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Carried out in collaboration with country partners, the study covers education, skills, work, health, nutrition, inequality, child protection and gender. This multi-country longitudinal research has now moved from studying children to youth, as their original child cohorts have grown older. Young Lives has also developed a new focus on work, in view of the crisis of youth employment.

04 Mar, 2015
OPHI and Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network Host Side Event at UN
07 Jan, 2015
New Blog Post: Paul Dornan Outlines Key Findings from Young Lives in 2014
07 Jan, 2015
OPHI: World's Poorest People Don't Always Live Where You'd Expect
09 Dec, 2014
New Blog Post: Frances Stewart Writes on Securing Commitment to SDGs
02 Dec, 2014
Nigerian Newspaper This Day Live Publishes Article on OPHI's Global MPI 2014
19 Nov, 2014
New Blog Post: Johanna Wallin on Carrying Out MPhil Fieldwork in Kolkata's Red Light Areas
13 Nov, 2014
DPhil Mihika Chatterjee Publishes Article on Food Security in Indian District in Economic and Political Weekly
12 Nov, 2014
NYT Features Foundation Set up By DPhil Shrochis Karki To Help Poorer Students in Nepal into Further Education
06 Oct, 2014
Young Lives Produces Key Stage 2 Maths Teaching Resources with Oxfam
30 Sep, 2014
High-level Panel at UN Makes Case for Multidimensional Poverty Measure