Human Development, Poverty and Youth

Poverty and human development have long been core areas of research for the department. Going beyond a narrow conception of per capita income, our approach incorporates health, education, living standards and quality of work – all of which enable productive, creative and autonomous lives.

Our present strength and reputation in this field is due mainly to two research groups: the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and Young Lives

ODID faculty, notably Professor Emerita Frances Stewart, participated in design, methodology and research for the UNDP's flagship Human Development Report from its foundation in 1990. This work has been continued and enlarged by OPHI, winner of the Queen’s Anniversary Prize in 2020. With its innovative Multidimensional Poverty Index, OPHI contributes globally to the conception of the Sustainable Development Goals and also engages with many national governments on data gathering and measurement of poverty to provide evidence for policy.

Building human capabilities necessarily starts with children, and the Young Lives project, initiated in 2001, conducts longitudinal study of childhood poverty following the lives of 12,000 children in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Carried out in collaboration with country partners, the study covers education, skills, work, health, nutrition, inequality, child protection and gender. This multi-country longitudinal research has now moved from studying children to youth, as their original child cohorts have grown older. Young Lives has also developed a new focus on work, in view of the crisis of youth employment.

Research
People
News
In the media
Teaching maths using real world data: a Young Lives collaboration with Oxfam
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Young Lives
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Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative
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Building universal social policy in the south
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Intra-household decision-making: does religiosity matter?
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Home and school contributions to cognitive skill formation and the effect of early stimulation int...
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Consumption and social enterprise in a context of poverty, Morro da Cruz, Brazil
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'Times have changed for real': children and youth and social change in central Rwanda...
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Mobility and segregation of the indigenous population in Mexico
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Sabina Alkire
Director, OPHI, and Associate Professor
Gina Crivello
Senior Research Officer, Young Lives
Vyoma Dhar Sharma
Research Student
Jakob Tonda Dirksen
Research Assistant, OPHI
Richard Dolan
Research Student
Marta Favara
Deputy Director, Young Lives at Work, and Senior Research Officer, Young Lives
Maria Franco Gavonel
Research Student
Ross Jennings
Research Officer, OPHI
Usha Kanagaratnam
Senior Research Officer, OPHI

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31 May, 2021
New article from Young Lives quantifies increase in domestic violence during lockdown in Peru
25 May, 2021
OPHI introduces Executive Education to train leaders in using MPI as policy tool
22 Mar, 2021
New OPHI article analyses poverty in India using Multidimensional Poverty Index vs headcount ratio
04 Mar, 2021
Latest Young Lives research finds COVID widening inequalities for poorest young people in developing countries
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23 Nov, 2020
COVID deepens inequalities for poorest young people in developing countries, research shows
09 Nov, 2020
New donation for OPHI research into links between poverty and the environment
A woman in mask stands in front of a screen presenting the vulnerability index
15 Oct, 2020
Honduras pilot project strengthens transparency in fight against COVID vulnerability
12 Aug, 2020
Initial findings from Young Lives at Work’s Phone Survey now published
16 Jul, 2020
Progress against multidimensional poverty at risk, 2020 global MPI shows
01 Jul, 2020
Andy McKay joins ODID as new Director of Young Lives

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15 Jul, 2021
'We can make progress on global poverty — in spite of Covid'. Sabina Alkire writes for the Financial Times
10 May, 2021
'"Each burning pyre is an unspeakable, screeching horror" – one researcher on the frontline of India’s COVID crisis'. DPhil Vyoma Dhar Sharma writes for the Conversation
04 Feb, 2021
'Class cancelled: how Covid school closures blocked routes out of poverty'. Young Lives research features in the Guardian
22 Aug, 2020
'Hunger, lost income and increased anxiety: how coronavirus lockdowns put huge pressure on young people around the world'. Marta Favara, Alan Sanchez, Catherine Porter and Douglas Scott write for the Conversation
29 Jul, 2020
'Keeping Poverty Reduction Front and Center'. Juan Manuel Santos and Sabina Alkire write for Project Syndicate on the need to seize the opportunity presented by the pandemic to build a more inclusive and sustainable world
20 Jul, 2020
'COVID-19, Lockdowns, and Africa’s Informal Sector: Lessons from Ghana'. Elvis Avenyo and colleagues explore how the lockdown might affect the performance of informal enterprises in two urban areas of Ghana in a new UNU Merit Working Paper
19 Jul, 2020
'Coronavirus could reverse a decade of progress in reducing global poverty levels, UN study suggests'. The Independent writes about the 2020 global MPI from OPHI and the UNDP and COVID-19
02 Jun, 2020
'History tells us coronavirus pandemic could lead to global reduction in poverty, Oxford academic says'. Sabina Alkire interviewed by the Independent
30 May, 2020
'How Colonialism and Austerity Are Shaping Africa’s Response to the Coronavirus'. Simukai Chigudu is interviewed by Jacobin magazine
18 May, 2020
'Coming of age in the time of coronavirus: young lives and families in low- and middle-income countries'. Gina Crivello draws on the findings of Young Lives' Young Marriage and Parenthood study and the implications of COVID-19

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