Prof Corneliu Bjola

Associate Professor of Diplomatic Studies

Corneliu Bjola received his PhD in Political Science from the University of Toronto (2007) and previously taught and conducted research at McMaster University and the University of Toronto. He was a research fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a Visiting Fellow at the Australian Defense Force Academy (2012) and China Foreign Affairs University (2016). 

His current research interests relate to the impact of digital technology on the conduct of diplomacy with a focus on strategic communication and digital influence as well as on theories and methods for countering disinformation and propaganda. 

He has authored or edited six books, including the twin volumes on Countering Online Propaganda and Violent Extremism: The Dark Side of Digital Diplomacy (2018) – listed in the 20 Best New International Relations Books To Read In 2019 -  and Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (2015). His work has been published in the European Journal of International Relations, Review of International Studies, Ethics and International Affairs, International Negotiation, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Global Policy, Journal of Global Ethics and the Hague Journal of Diplomacy.

Bjola is co-editor of the book series on 'New Diplomatic Studies' with Routledge, and Editor-in-Chief of the new journal Diplomacy and Foreign Policy. He is the recipient of the 2014 OxTALENT award for enhancing students' learning experience using social media apps awarded by the Oxford Committee on Teaching and Learning Enhanced with Technology.

In the media

Books and monographs

Bjola, Corneliu (with Ruben Zaiotti) (eds) (2020) 'Digital Diplomacy and International Organisations: Autonomy, Legitimacy and Contestation', Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with James Pamment) (eds) (2018) 'Countering Online Propaganda and Extremism: The Dark Side of Digital Diplomacy', Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with Markus Kornprobst) (2018) 'Understanding International Diplomacy: Theory, Practice and Ethics (2nd ed)', Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with Stuart Murray) (eds) (2016) 'Secret Diplomacy: Concepts, Contexts and Cases', London: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with Marcus Holmes) (eds) (2015) 'Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice', London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with M Kornprobst) (2013) 'Understanding International Diplomacy: Theory, Practice and Ethics', London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with M Kornprobst) (eds) (2010) 'Arguing Global Governance: Agency, Lifeworld, and Shared Reasoning', London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2009) 'Legitimising the Use of Force in International Politics: Kosovo, Iraq and the Ethics of Intervention', London and New York: Routledge (Monograph)

Journal articles and special issues

Bjola, Corneliu (with Ilan Manor) (2022) 'The rise of hybrid diplomacy: from digital adaptation to digital adoption', International Affairs 98 (2) 471–91
Bjola, Corneliu (with Michaela Coplen) (2022) 'Virtual Venues and International Negotiations: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic', International Negotiation
Bjola, Corneliu (2021) 'Digital diplomacy as world disclosure: the case of the COVID-19 pandemic', Place Branding and Public Diplomacy
Bjola, Corneliu (2021) 'AI for Development: Implications for Theory and Practice', Oxford Development Studies
Bjola, Corneliu (with SL Vériter and JA Koops) (2020) 'Tackling COVID-19 Disinformation: Internal and External Challenges for the European Union', The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 15 (4) 569–82
Bjola, Corneliu (with Krysianna Papadakis) (2020) 'Digital propaganda, counterpublics and the disruption of the public sphere: the Finnish approach to building digital resilience', Cambridge Review of International Affairs
Bjola, Corneliu (with Jennifer Cassidy and Ilan Manor) (2019) 'Public Diplomacy in the Digital Age', The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 14 (1) 83-101
Bjola, Corneliu (with Yuanzhe Ren) (2019) 'Adapting Diplomacy to the Digital Age: Managing the Organisational Culture of Ministries of Foreign Affairs', Foreign Affairs Review (in Chinese) 1 1-27
Bjola, Corneliu (2018) 'Digital Diplomacy 2.0: Trends and Countertrends', Revista Mexicana de Política Exterior (in Spanish) 113 (July/August) 35-52
Bjola, Corneliu (with Ilan Manor) (2018) 'Revisiting Putnam’s Two-Level Game Theory in the Digital Age: Domestic Digital Diplomacy and the Iran Nuclear Deal', Cambridge Review of International Affairs 31 (1) 3-32
Bjola, Corneliu (2018) 'The Ethics of Countering Digital Propaganda', Ethics & International Affairs 32 (3) 305-15
Bjola, Corneliu (2016) 'Getting digital diplomacy right: What quantum theory can teach us about measuring impact?', C Bjola (ed) Forum on 'Digital Diplomacy: State of the Art' Global Affairs 2 (3)
Bjola, Corneliu (with J Pamment) (2016) 'Digital Containment: Revisting Containment Strategy in the Digital Age', Global Affairs 2 (2)
Bjola, Corneliu (2015) 'How to use Momentum Analysis to Explain and Forecast the Outcome of International Negotiations?', International Negotiation 20 (2) 319-49
Bjola, Corneliu (2015) 'Diplomacy as World Disclosure: A Fractal Theory of Crisis Management', British Journal of Politics and International Relations
Bjola, Corneliu (2014) 'Understanding Enmity and Friendship in World Politics: The Case for a Diplomatic Approach', The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 8 (1) 1-20
Bjola, Corneliu (2014) 'Negotiation Breakthrough Analysis: The Case of Climate Negotiations', International Negotiation 19 (1) 127-53
Bjola, Corneliu (2013) 'The Ethics of Secret Diplomacy: A Contextual Approach', Journal of Global Ethics 10 (1) 85-100
Bjola, Corneliu (2013) 'Keeping the Arctic 'Cold': The Rise of Plurilateral Diplomacy?', Global Policy 4 (4) 347-58
Bjola, Corneliu (2008) 'Legitimacy and the Use of Force: Bridging the Legal-Moral Divide', Review of International Studies 34(4) 627-44
Bjola, Corneliu (with M Kornprobst) (2007) 'Understanding Dissonance in Security Communities: Germany and the United States on Iraq', Review of International Studies 33(2) 285-305
Bjola, Corneliu (2005) 'Legitimating the Use of Force in International Relations: A Communicative Action Perspective', European Journal of International Relations 11(2) 266-303


Bjola, Corneliu (with Ilan Manor and Geraldine Asiwome Adiku) (2022) 'Diaspora Diplomacy in the Digital Age'. In Liam Kennedy (ed) Routledge Handbook of Diaspora Diplomacy , Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with Ilan Manor) (2022) 'Digital propaganda as Symbolic Convergence: The case of the Russian ads during the 2016 U.S. presidential elections'. In G Rawnsley, Y Ma and K Pothong (eds) Handbook of Political Propaganda , Edward Elgar
Bjola, Corneliu (2020) 'Coping with digital disinformation in multilateral contexts: The case of the UN Global Compact for Migration'. In C Bjola, R Zaiotti (eds) Digital Diplomacy and International Organizations: Autonomy, Legitimacy and Contestation , Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (with J Cassidy, I Manor) (2019) 'Digital Public Diplomacy. Business As Usual or Paradigm Shift?'. In N Snow, N Cull (eds) Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomacy , Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2019) 'Propaganda as reflexive control: the digital dimension'. In Corneliu Bjola, James Pamment (eds) Countering Online Propaganda and Extremism: The Dark Side of Digital Diplomacy , Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2018) 'Morality and Diplomacy'. In Gordon Martel (ed) Encyclopedia of Diplomacy , Wiley-Blackwell
Bjola, Corneliu (2016) 'The Theory and Practice of Secret Diplomacy'. In Corneliu Bjola & Stuart Murray (eds) Secret Diplomacy: Concepts, Contexts and Cases , London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2016) 'Diplomatic Ethics'. In C Constantinou, P Kerr and P Sharp (eds) SAGE Handbook of Diplomacy , SAGE
Bjola, Corneliu (with Lu Jiang) (2015) 'Social Media and Public Diplomacy: A Comparative Analysis of the Digital Diplomatic Strategies of the EU, US and Japan in China'. In C Bjola, M Holmes (eds) Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice , London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2015) 'Digital Diplomacy as Change Management'. In C Bjola, M Holmes (eds) Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice , London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2014) 'Global Governance'. In D Rowe (ed) Achieving Sustainability: Visions, Principles, and Practices , New York: Macmillan Reference USA
Bjola, Corneliu (with M Kornprobst) (2010) 'Introduction: The Argumentative Deontology of Global Governance'. In C Bjola, M Kornprobst (eds) Arguing Global Governance: Agency, Lifeworld, and Shared Reasoning pp 1-15 , London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2010) 'The Power of the Public Sphere: (Anti)diplomacy and Crisis Management Within Security Communities'. In C Bjola, M Kornprobst (eds) Arguing Global Governance: Agency, Lifeworld, and Shared Reasoning pp 194-209 , London and New York: Routledge
Bjola, Corneliu (2005) 'European Integration and the Politics of Commitment: The Case of Romania'. In A Skuhra (ed) EU - Eastern Enlargement , Innsbruck: Studieverlag
Bjola, Corneliu (2004) 'Bringing Legitimacy Back in International Politics: The Use of Forced after the Cold War'. In A Howell (ed) Governance and Global (Dis)orders: Trends Transformations and Impasses , Toronto: York Centre for International Security Studies
Bjola, Corneliu (2001) 'Collective Identity, Irony, and European Integration'. In John Micgiel (ed) Democracy and Integration in an Enlarging Europe , New York: Institute for the Study of Europe at Columbia University

Working papers

06 June, 2014
New Blog Post: Corneliu Bjola on Secret Diplomacy
27 March, 2014
New Blog Post: Corneliu Bjola on Predicting Climate Change Negotiation Outcomes
01 November, 2013
Global Governance & Diplomacy Public Speaker Series - Peter Dauvergne Interview
07 February, 2013
BLOG: Corneliu Bjola on the Governance Gap in the Arctic Region
30 May, 2012
Dr Corneliu Bjola Shortlisted for New Student Union Teaching Award
14 May, 2012
Corneliu Bjola Discusses Use of Illegitimate Force in Interview with Global Policy
14 February, 2012
Four ODID Academics Participate in Korea Foundation Seminar on Reforming Global Economic Governance


06 Jun, 2018
'The idea is to provoke and in so doing to change the terms of the discussion in a manner that minimises online backlash'. Corneliu Bjola comments in Independent on tweet exchange between Israeli embassy in US and Iran
09 Apr, 2018
'Diplomacy has been "weaponized" with memes, trolling, online polls'. Corneliu Bjola cited in NBC news article 9 April
19 Dec, 2017
'Reaping the benefits of digital public diplomacy'. Corneliu Bjola and Ilan Manor write for the Jerusalem Post
12 Dec, 2017
'Emmanuel Macron a profité du vide laissé par les États-Unis depuis l’arrivée de Donald Trump'. Corneliu Bjola quoted by La Croix in article that explores how California is taking note of French leadership on the climate
05 Nov, 2017
'Digital diplomacy 2.0 pushes the boundary'. Corneliu Bjola writes for Global Times
22 Apr, 2017
'Re-crafting the Israeli digital narrative'. Corneliu Bjola, Ilan Manor write for Jerusalem Post
07 Apr, 2017
'Diplomacy in the digital age'. Corneliu Bjola interviewed by Lithuanian co-project with The Economist, IQ
09 Feb, 2017
'Why is Denmark creating the world's first digital embassy to deal with Google, Facebook and other technology giants?'. Corneliu Bjola comments for BBC Mundo
17 Jan, 2017
'Generous friend or reckless bully: Sushma Swaraj’s Twitter diplomacy is a dangerous tightrope walk'. Corneliu Bjola and Ilan Manor quoted in Quartz on Indian Foreign Minister's twiplomatic controversy over Amazon


Research interests:

Digital diplomacy; cultural diplomacy, secret/back-channel diplomacy; diplomatic crisis management; diplomatic ethics; negotiation breakthrough analysis; EU diplomacy.