Prof Frances Stewart

Professor Emeritus of Development Economics

Frances Stewart was Director of ODID from 1993-2003 and Director of the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE) at the department between 2003 and 2010. She has a DPhil from the University of Oxford and an honorary doctorate from the University of Sussex

Among many publications, she is coauthor of UNICEF’s influential study, Adjustment with a Human Face (OUP 1987); War and Underdevelopment (OUP 2001); and leading author and editor of Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict: Understanding Group Violence in Multiethnic Societies (Palgrave, 2008). She has directed a number of major research programmes including several financed by the UK Government’s Department for International Development, and others by the Swedish Development Agency and the Carnegie Corporation

An Emeritus Fellow of Somerville College, Oxford, Frances has acted as consultant for early Human Development Reports; she has been President of the Human Development and Capability Association; President of the British and Irish Development Studies Association; Chair of the United Nations Committee on Development Policy and Vice-Chair of the Board of the International Food Policy Research Institute

She received the Leontief prize in 2013 for advancing the frontiers of economic thought from Tufts University. She was given the UNDP’s Mahbub ul Haq award for her lifetime’s achievements in promoting human development in 2009; and named one of fifty outstanding technological leaders for 2003 by Scientific American (Policy Leader in Economic Development Strategies for promoting anti-poverty campaigns to help quell armed conflicts in developing countries).

CRISE Network
Stewart, Frances (2014) 'Sustainability and Inequality',
Stewart, Frances (2006) 'Human Development: beyond the HDI',
Stewart, Frances (2000) 'Income Distribution And Development',
Stewart, Frances (1998) 'Economic Growth and Human Development',
Stewart, Frances () 'Development and Security',

Books and monographs

Stewart, Frances (with Graham Brown, Arnim Langer) (2012) 'Affirmative Action in Plural Societies: International Experiences', Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with A Langer, R Venugopal) (2011) 'Horizontal Inequalities and Post-conflict Development', Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with J Ohiorhenuan) (2008) 'Post-conflict Economic Recovery: Enabling Local Ingenuity', New York: UNDP
Stewart, Frances (2008) 'Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict: Understanding Group Violence in Multethnic Societies', Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with R Saith, B Harriss-White) (2006) 'Defining Poverty in the Developing World', Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with EVK FitzGerald, R Venugopal) (2006) 'Globalization, Violent Conflict and Self-Determination', Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with V FitzGerald and Associates) (2001) 'War and Underdevelopment (Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict; Volume 2: Country Experiences)', Oxford: OUP pps 267/312
Stewart, Frances (with E Wayne Nafziger, R Vayrynen) (2001) 'War, Hunger, and Displacement: The Origins of Humanitarian Emergencies (Volume 1: Analysis, Volume 2: Case Studies)', Oxford: OUP
Stewart, Frances (with J Klugman, B Neyapti) (1999) 'Conflict and Economic Growth in Africa: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda', Paris: OECD
Stewart, Frances (with A Berry, R Culpeper) (eds) (1997) 'Global Development Fifty Years After Bretton Woods, Essays in Honour of G K Helleiner', Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (1995) 'Adjustment and Poverty: Options and Choices', Routledge pp 243

Journal articles and special issues

Stewart, Frances (2019) 'ODS 2018 Annual Lecture: The Human Development Approach: An Overview', Oxford Development Studies
Stewart, Frances (2009) 'Horizontal Inequalities: Two Types of Trap', Journal of Human Development 10 (3) 315-40
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis, E Samman) (2006) 'Human Development: Beyond the Human Development Index', Journal of Human Development 7(3) 323-58
Stewart, Frances (2005) 'Groups and Capabilities', Journal of Human Development 6(2) 185-204
Stewart, Frances (with C Laderchi, R Saith) (2003) 'Does It Matter That We Don't Agree on the Definition of Poverty? A Comparison of Four Approaches', Oxford Development Studies 31(3) 243-74
Stewart, Frances (with A Berry) (2000) 'The Real Causes of Inequality', Challenge 43 (1) 44-93
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis, A Ramirez) (2000) 'Economic Growth and Human Development', World Development 28 (2) 197-220
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis) (2000) 'Strategies for Success in Human Development', Journal of Human Development 1 (1) 49-70
Stewart, Frances (2000) 'Crisis Prevention: Tackling Horizontal Inequalities', Oxford Development Studies Oxford: Carfax Publishing 23 (3) 245-62
Stewart, Frances (1999) 'Aid in the 21st Century: Reconciling the Real and the Desirable', Development 42 (3) 16-21
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis) (1999) 'V-Goods and the Role of the Urban Informal Sector in Development ', Economic Development and Cultural Change 47 (2)
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis) (1999) 'The Asian Crisis and Human Development', IDS Bulletin 47 108-119
Stewart, Frances (with L De Maio, R van der Hoeven) (1999) 'Computable General Equilibrium Models, Adjustment and the Poor in Africa', World Development 27 (3) 453-70
Stewart, Frances (1998) 'Food Aid During Conflict: Can One Reconcile its Humanitarian, Economic and Political Economy Effects?', American Journal of Agricultural Economics 80 560-65
Stewart, Frances (with F Humphreys, N Lee) (1997) 'Civil Conflict in Developing Countries Over the Last Quarter of a Century: An Empirical Overview of Economic and Social Consquences', Oxford Development Studies 25 (1)
Stewart, Frances (1996) 'Globalisation and Education', International Journal of Educational Development 16 (4) 327-33
Stewart, Frances (with S Lall) (1996) 'Trade and Industrial Policy in Africa', Development 2 64-7
Stewart, Frances (1996) 'Groups for Good or Ill', Oxford Development Studies Carfax Publishing 24 (1)
Stewart, Frances (with S Daws) (1996) 'Global Challenges: The Case for a United Nations Economic and Social Security Council', Viewpoint 10
Stewart, Frances (1995) 'The Governance and Mandates of the International Financial Institutions', IDS Bulletin 26 (4)
Stewart, Frances (1995) 'Basic Needs, Capabilities and Human Development', Greek Economic Review 17 (2) 83-96


Stewart, Frances (2009) 'Policies Towards Horizontal Inequalities in Post-coflict Reconstruction'. In T Addison, T Bruck (eds) Making Peace Work: The Challenges of Social and Economic Reconstruction , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis, E Samman) (2009) 'Country Patterns of Behavior in Broader Dimensions of Human Development'. In K Basu, R Kanbur (eds) Arguments for a Better World , Oxford: Oxford University Press
Stewart, Frances (with A Langer) (2009) 'Macro Adjustment Policies and Horizontal Inequalities'. In P Arestis, J Eatwell (eds) Issues in Global Development: Essays in Honour of Ajit Singh , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (2009) 'Addressing Discrimination and Inequality Among Groupgs'. In J von Braun, R Vargas Hill, R Pandya-Lorch (eds) The Poorest and Hungry: Assessment, Analysis and Actions , Washington DC: IFPRI
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis, Y Dong) (2008) 'Successful Transition Towards a Virtuous Cycle of Human Development and Economic Growth: Country Studies'. In K Haq, R Ponzio (eds) Pioneering the Human Development Revolution, An Intellectual Biography of Mahbub ul Haq , New Delhi: Oxford University Press
Stewart, Frances (2007) 'Basic Needs Approach'. In DA Clark (ed) The Elgar Companion to Development Studies , Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
Stewart, Frances (2007) 'Do We Need a New \"Great Transformation\"? Is One Likely?'. In G Mavrotas, A Shorrocks (eds) Advancing Development , London: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with GK Brown, C Crocker) (2007) 'Motivations for Conflict: Groups and Individuals'. In C Crocker, F Osler Hampson, P Aall (eds) Leashing the Dogs of War: Conflict Management in a Divided World , Washington DC: US Institute of Peace Press
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis) (2007) 'Dynamic Links between the Economy and Human Development'. In JA Ocampo, KS Jomo, S Khan (eds) Policy Matters: Economic and Social Policies to Sustain Equitable Development , London: Zed Books
Stewart, Frances (2006) 'The Evolution of Economic Ideas: From Import Substitution to Human Development'. In EVK FitzGerald, R Thorp (eds) Economic Doctrines in Latin America , London: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (2006) 'DO PRSPs Empower Poor Countries and Disempower the World Bank Or Is It the Other Way Round?'. In G Ranis, JR Vreeland and S Kosack (eds) Globalization and the Nation State , London: Routledge
Stewart, Frances (2005) 'Horizontal Inequalities: A Neglected Dimension of Development'. Wider Perspectives on Global Development , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with A Berry) (1999) 'The Evolution of Development Economics and Gustav Ranis' Role'. In G Saxonhouse, T N Srinivasan (eds) Development, Duality and the International Economic Regime, Essays in Honour of Gustav Ranis , University of Michigan Press
Stewart, Frances (1999) 'Civil Wars in Sub-Sahran Africa: Counting the Economic and Social Cost'. In D Ghai (ed) Renewing Social and Economic progress in Africa , London: Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis) (1999) 'V-goods and the Role of the Urban Informal Sector in Development'. In G B Navaretti, R Raini, G Zanalda (eds) Labour Markets, Poverty and Development , Oxford: OUP
Stewart, Frances (with M O'Sullivan) (1999) 'Democracy, Conflict and Development - Three Cases'. In G Ranis, S-C Hu, Y-P Chu (eds) The Political Economy of Comparative Development in the 21st Century, Essays in Memory of John C H Fei , Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis) (1999) 'The Asian Crisis: Social Consequences and Polices'. Structural Aspects of the East Asian Crisis (OECD Proceedings) pp 133-163 , Paris: OECD
Stewart, Frances (with A Berry) (1999) 'Globalization, Liberalization, and Inequality: Expectations and Experience'. In A Hurrell, N Woods (eds) Inequality, Globalization, and World Politics , Oxford: OUP
Stewart, Frances (with S Daws) (1998) 'An Economic and Social Security Council at the United Nations'. In D Sapsford, J Chen (eds) Development Economics and Policy , Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (with G Ranis) (1997) 'The Urban Informal Sector Within A Global Economy'. In U Kirdar (ed) Cities Fit for People , United Nations Publications
Stewart, Frances (with A Berry) (1997) 'Market Liberalisation and Income Distribution: The Experience of the 1980s'. In A Berry, R Culpepper, F Stewart (eds) Global Development Fifty Years After Bretton Woods, Essays in Honour of G K Helleiner , Macmillan
Stewart, Frances (1997) 'Comment on 'John Williamson and the Washington Consensus Revisited''. In L Emmerij (ed) Economic and Social Development into the XXI Century , Inter-American Development Bank
Stewart, Frances (1997) 'Basic Needs, Capabilities and Human Development'. In A Offner (ed) In Pursuit of the Quality of Life , Oxford: Clarendon Press
Stewart, Frances (1996) 'Global Financial Institutions for the Next Century'. In R Culpeper, C Pestiau (eds) Development and Global Governance , Ottawa: IDRC/The North South Institute
Stewart, Frances (1995) 'Why We Need a Structured Market'. In G Helleiner, S Abrahamian, E Bacha, R Lawrence, P Malan (eds) Poverty, Prosperity and the World Economy, Essays in Memory of Sidney Dell , Macmillan


Stewart, Frances (with V FitzGerald) (1997) 'Memorandum submitted to the Treasury Committee on The International Monetary Fund, Minutes of Evidence, 4th November 1996', London: HMSO

Working papers

Stewart, Frances (1998) 'Consumption, Globalisation and Theory: Why There is Need for Radical Reform', Consumption for Development - Background Papers for the Human Development Report 1998
01 October, 2021
Sabina Alkire, Xiaolan Fu and Frances Stewart named Fellows of the Academy of Social Sciences
23 November, 2015
New CRISE Working Paper Develops Index of Social Cohesion for 19 African Countries
22 April, 2015
Frances Stewart to Speak on Inequality at HowTheLightGetsIn Festival
09 December, 2014
New Blog Post: Frances Stewart Writes on Securing Commitment to SDGs
21 March, 2014
New ODID Working Paper: Against Happiness by Frances Stewart
05 March, 2014
New Blog Post: Frances Stewart on Why Happiness Is Not a Good Measure of Progress
16 May, 2013
Podcast of Frances Stewart Talk Against Happiness! Now Online
22 April, 2013
Frances Stewart Awarded 2013 Leontief Prize for Advancing Economic Thought
19 April, 2013
Frances Stewart to Give ODID Distinguished Speaker Lecture 14 May: Against Happiness!
28 February, 2013
BLOG: Frances Stewart Introduces CRISE Book Series


Research interests:

Appropriate technology; basic needs; adjustment and poverty; development during conflict; group behaviour; horizontal inequalities; human development.