New OPHI article explores multidimensional poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

19 May, 2017

A new article in Forum for Social Economics by the team at the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) explores changes in multidimensional poverty, as measured by the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (Global MPI), in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Using data for 35 countries, the article describes the changes in the level, intensity and composition of multidimensional poverty at the national level. For a subset of countries it discusses results at the sub-national level and provides a brief comparison to changes in income poverty.

The findings suggest that 30 countries, home to 92% of the population in the sample, significantly reduced multidimensional poverty as measured by the Global MPI for at least one comparison and significantly reduced the share of poor people.

Looking within countries, the authors find different patterns of poverty reductions, with some countries reducing poverty for the poorest regions, while in other countries poorer regions do not seem to benefit from the general reduction in poverty to the same extent.

When comparing trends in income and multidimensional poverty reduction the authors find significant differences, indicating that a holistic approach to poverty reduction should look at both multidimensional and income poverty.

Sabina Alkire, Christoph Jindra, Gisela Robles Aguilar & Ana Vaz (2017) 'Multidimensional Poverty Reduction Among Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa', Forum for Social Economics, DOI: 10.1080/07360932.2017.1310123