The risk crucible: managing multiple insecurities in the western Sahel

This project, financed by the AXA Research Fund, looks comparatively at remote-controlled interventions and the partial withdrawal of international actors from global crisis zones, taking as its starting point the conflict in Mali, West Africa, and the confluence of risks which international interveners are dealing with there – including, besides security and livelihoods, the perceived ‘risk’ of migration.

It explores, among other aspects, how a relationship by remote control has developed as powerful external interveners seek to overcome a fundamental dilemma: their growing concern with perceived threats emanating from distant ‘danger zones’ – including as regards insecurity, displacement and illicit cross-border flows – set against their aversion towards entering these zones. As interveners develop remote control mechanisms to overcome this dilemma, via technology or through the subcontracting of dangerous frontline tasks, unforeseen consequences may ensue and distance grow to local societies.

The project is based on fieldwork in Mali as well as comparative material from other countries hit by conflict and insecurity, including Somalia, Libya and Afghanistan. Project outcomes include articles on topics such as risk management in crisis zones and the ‘mapping’ of global danger (Current Anthropology, in press), as well as a monograph now under preparation, tentatively entitled The Danger Zone.

Ruben Andersson
Associate Professor of Migration and Development
AXA Research Fund