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Skills, Competitiveness and Policy in Developing Countries
This paper deals with the role of skill formation and new skill needs for building technological capabilities for developing countries to compete effectively in manufactured exports. It places the analysis in the context of rapid technical progress and globalisation, with large shifts in the location of productive and innovative activity, patterns of comparative advantage, and systems of industrial organisation and management. It describes differences (apparently growing over time) in national abilities to provide the technological effort, skill creation and FDI attraction that competitiveness now needs. It ends with policy recommendations.