After exit: assessing the consequences of United Nations peacekeeping withdrawal

How does the withdrawal of United Nations peacekeepers (and associated resources) affect state capacity and the delivery of public services in formerly 'peacekept' states? To answer this, we need to know whether states that have hosted UN peacekeeping missions maintain peace and effectively perform state functions after peacekeepers have left. At present, however, academics and policy actors alike have limited knowledge of conditions on the ground ‘after exit’ - simply because there has been no systematic attempt to record, report, and explain what happens to peacekept states and their citizens after UN peacekeeping missions close and peacekeepers go home. This research project seeks to redress this deficiency.

Our project is structured around an investigation of state functions and state capacity after the closure of UN peacekeeping missions. Specifically, we are documenting state functionality in formerly peacekept states across four domains: the provision of security; governance/administration; production/extraction; and foreign relations. We are gathering and analysing quantitative and qualitative data in each of these four domains at: (1) the cross-national level; (2) within two states that are in the midst of transitions from peacekeeping - Liberia and Haiti. 

John Gledhill
Associate Professor of Global Governance
Richard Caplan
Department of Politics and International Relations
Andrea Ruggeri
Department of Politics and International Relations
Sabrina Karim
Cornell University
Athena Kolbe
University of North Carolina Wilmington