Prof Xiaolan Fu

Professor of Technology and International Development

Xiaolan Fu (傅晓岚) is the Founding Director of the Technology and Management Centre for Development (TMCD), Professor of Technology and International Development and Fellow of Green Templeton College.

Her research interests include innovation, technology and industrialisation; trade, foreign direct investment and economic development; emerging Asian economies; innovation and productivity in UK/US. She has published extensively in leading international journals. Her recent books include China's Path to InnovationChina’s Role in Global Economic Recovery and The Rise of Technological Power in the South. She is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, and serves on the Editorial Boards of Industrial and Corporate ChangeInternational Journal of Technology Management, and four other international journals.

She was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Ten-Member High Level Advisory Group of the UN Technology Facilitation Mechanism and to the Governing Council of the UN's Technology Bank for Least Developed Countries.

Professor Fu received the European Commission Gate2Growth 2005 'European Best Paper' Award. She has received large research grants from prestigious funding bodies including the European Commission, ESRC, EPSRC, British Academy, and the Cairncross Foundation. She has been a consultant for UNDESA, UNCTAD, UNIDO, the World Bank, OECD, European Commission, ILO, the Commonwealth Secretariat, UKTI and the Chinese government. Professor Fu serves on the Advisory Expert Group of the OECD Global Investment Forum and the DFID/ESRC Economic Growth Directorate (DEGP), and was President of the Chinese Economic Association (Europe) and CEA (UK) in 2010-11.

She is also a Senior Research Associate at the University of Cambridge and University of Tsinghua, and a Visiting Professor at Fudan University. As a leading China expert, she has participated in various interviews and panel discussions in the mainstream media including BBC, Sky News, People's Daily, and China Daily. In 2014 she was invited to address the UN General Assembly on ‘Science, technology and innovation in developing countries’.

Professor Fu came to Oxford from Cambridge University, where she was a Senior Research Fellow. Before coming to the UK, she had five years’ work experience in the business sector in China before embarking on her academic career.

In the media
MNEmerge project: MNEs and global development
Valuation of early-stage technology
Understanding innovation in Low Income Countries
Diffusion of innovation in low income countries (DILIC)

Xiaolan Fu teaches Quantitative Research Methods for the MPhil in Development Studies and the MSc in Global Governance and Diplomacy. She also contributes to the MPhil core course and offers an option on Technology and Industrialisation in Developing Countries.

Research Students supervised

Ji Eun Choi
Research Student
Claudia Contreras Rojas
Research Student
Carmen Contreras Romero
Research Student
Frances Cossar
Research Student
Samuel Galler
Research Student
Cintia Kulzer Sacilotto
Research Student
Giovanni Pasquali
Research Student

Books and monographs

Fu, Xiaolan (2015) 'China's Path to Innovation', Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Fu, Xiaolan (ed) (2011) 'China's Role in Global Economic Recovery', Routledge. Translated and reprinted in Chinese by Yilin Press, 2012.
Fu, Xiaolan (with Luc Soete) (eds) (2010) 'The Rise of Technological Power in the South', Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Fu, Xiaolan (with A Cosh, A Hughes, R De Hoyos, A Eisingerich) (2006) 'Experiences of UK Mid-corporate Companies in Emerging Asian Economies', UK Trade & Investment
Fu, Xiaolan (2004) 'Exports, Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Development in China', London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan (Monograph)

Journal articles and special issues

Fu, Xiaolan (with J Li) (forthcoming) 'The value of foreign universities: international university-industry collaboration and industrial innovation in emerging economies', International Journal of Technology Management
Fu, Xiaolan (with G Zanello, P Mohnen and M Ventresca) (forthcoming) 'The diffusion of innovation in the private sectors in low-income countries (LICs): A systematic literature review', Journal of Economic Survey
Fu, Xiaolan (forthcoming) 'How Does Openness Affect the Importance of Incentives for Innovation?', Research Policy
Fu, Xiaolan (with Jun Hou, Marco Sanfilippo) (2016) 'Highly skilled returnees and the internationalization of EMNEs: Firm level evidence from China', International Business Review
Fu, Xiaolan (2014) 'Trade, Technology and Development in LDCs, SSA and SVEs: An Assessment', Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics 104
Fu, Xiaolan (with F Wang, J Chen) (2014) 'Differential Forms of Technological Change and Catch-Up: Evidence from China', International Journal of Innovation Technology Management 11 (2)
Fu, Xiaolan (with R Mu) (2014) 'Enhancing China's Innovation Performance: The Policy Choices', China & World Economy 22 (2) 42-60
Fu, Xiaolan (with H Xiong, J Li and Henry Chesbrough) (2014) 'Open innovation as a response to constrains and risks and the moderating role of ownership', Asian Economic Papers 13 (3) 30-58
Fu, Xiaolan (with G Shen) (2014) 'Trade effects of US anti-dumping actions against China', World Economy 37 (1) 86-105
Fu, Xiaolan (with S Zhu) (2013) 'Drivers of Export Upgrading', World Development 51 221-33
Fu, Xiaolan (2013) 'Computerisation and efficiency of rural credit cooperatives: evidence from India', Journal of International Development 25 (3) 412-37
Fu, Xiaolan (with T Li, M Fu) (2013) 'Technology Development Path in an Open Developing Economy: Evidence from China', Applied Economics 45 (11) 1405-18
Fu, Xiaolan (with S Heffernan, M X Fu) (2013) 'Financial innovation in the UK', Applied Economics 45 (24) 3400-11
Fu, Xiaolan (with C Helmers, J Zhang) (2012) 'The Two Faces of Foreign Management Capabilities: FDI and Productive Efficiency in the UK Retail Sector', International Business Review 21 (1) 71-88
Fu, Xiaolan (2012) 'How Does Openness Affect the Importance of Incentives for Innovation?', Research Policy 41 (3) 512-23
Fu, Xiaolan (with R Kaplinsky, J Zhang) (2012) 'The Impact of China on Low and Middle Income Countries' Export Prices in Industrial-Country Markets', World Development 40(8) 1483-98
Fu, Xiaolan (with H Xiong) (2011) 'Open Innovation in China: Policies and Practices', Journal of Science and Technology Policy in China 2(3) 196-218
Fu, Xiaolan (with A Cosh, A Hughes) (2011) 'Organisation, Structure and Innovation Performance in Different Environments', Small Business Economics
Fu, Xiaolan (2011) 'Processing-trade, FDI and Exports of Indigenous Firms: Firm-level Evidence from High-technology Industries in China', Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 73 (6) 792-817
Fu, Xiaolan (with Y Gong) (2011) 'Indigenous and Foreign Innovation Efforts and Drivers of Technological Upgrading: Evidence from China', World Development 39 (7) 1213-25
Fu, Xiaolan (with J Zhang) (2011) 'Technology Transfer, Indigenous Innovation and Leapfrogging in Green Technology: Solar-PV Panel Industries in India and China', Journal of Chinese Economics and Business Studies 9(4) 329-47
Fu, Xiaolan (with Carlo Pietrobelli, Luc Soete) (2009) 'The Role of Foreign Technology and Indigenous Innovation in Emerging Economies: Technological Change and Catch-up', World Development 39(7) 1203-12
Fu, Xiaolan (with Q Yang) (2009) 'Exploring the Cross Country Innovation Gap in Patenting: A Stochastic Frontier Approach', Research Policy 38(7) 1203-13
Fu, Xiaolan (with J Zhang) (2008) 'FDI and Environmental Regulations in China ', Journal of Asia Pacific Economy 13(3) 332-53
Fu, Xiaolan (2008) 'Foreign Direct Investment, Absorptive Capacity and Regional Innovation Capabilities in China', Oxford Development Studies 36(1) 89-110
Fu, Xiaolan (2007) 'Trade-cum-FDI, Human Capital Inequalities and Regional Disparities in China', Journal of Economic Change and Restructuring 40(1-2) 137-55
Fu, Xiaolan (with V N Balasubramanyam) (2005) 'Exports, Foreign Direct Investment and Employment: The Case of China', The World Economy 28(4) 607-25
Fu, Xiaolan (2005) 'Exports, Techical Progress and Productivity Growth in a Transition Economy: a Non-parametric Approach for China', Applied Economics 37(7) 725-39
Fu, Xiaolan (2004) 'Limited Linkages from Growth Engines and Regional Disparities in China', Journal of Comparative Economics 32(1) 148-64
Fu, Xiaolan (with VN Balasubramanyam) (2003) 'Township and Village Enterprises in China', Journal of Development Studies 39(4) 27-46


Fu, Xiaolan (with J Hou) (forthcoming) 'Key Determinants of Technological Capabilities for a Green Economy in Emerging Economies'. In R Vos, D Alarcon (eds) Going Green. Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development , World Bank
Fu, Xiaolan (forthcoming) 'Innovations in the Informal Economy: Recent research development and areas for future research '. In Sacha Wunsch-Vincent, Erika Kraemer-Mbula (eds) The Informal Economy in Developing Nations: Hidden Engine of Innovation? - New economic insights and policies , Cambridge University Press
Fu, Xiaolan (with Q Sun) (2011) 'China in the Global Economic Crisis: Impact and Adjustment'. In X Fu (ed) China's Role in the Global Economic Recovery , Routledge
Fu, Xiaolan (with R Kaplinsky, D Kale) (2011) 'Global Manufactures Prices: How Do China's Exports Compare?'. X Fu (ed) China's Role in the Global Economic Recovery , Routledge
Fu, Xiaolan (with D Xu) (2011) 'The Private Sector and the Sustainability of China's Export Growth'. In X Fu (ed) China's Role in the Global Economic Recovery , Routledge
Fu, Xiaolan (with C Polzin) (2010) 'Sustainability of Technology Intensive Social Innovations: The Role of Absorptive Capacity and User Freedom of Choice'. In Xiaolan Fu, Luc Soete (eds) The Rise of Technological Power in the South , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Fu, Xiaolan (with L Soete, L Sonne) (2010) 'Science, Technology and Development: Emerging Concepts and Visions'. In Xiaolan Fu, Luc Soete (eds) The Rise of Technological Power in the South , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Fu, Xiaolan (2006) 'Exports, FDI, Linkages and Regional Disparities in China'. In S Yao, J Chen (eds) Globalization, Competition and Growth in China pp 163-81 , London: Taylor and Francis


Fu, Xiaolan (2014) 'What potential does open innovation hold for Asia', The Economist Intelligence Unit
Fu, Xiaolan (2013) 'Does FDI Provide Spoils, or Does It Just Spoil?', China Daily, January 25

Working papers

Fu, Xiaolan (with S Liu, T Li) (2013) 'The determinants and impact of outward direct investment from China: evidence from Guangdong Survey', TMD Centre Working Paper No 051
Fu, Xiaolan (with P-O Siebers et al) (2008) 'Enhancing Productivity: The Role of Management Practices', Advanced Institute of Management (AIM) Working Paper 065
Fu, Xiaolan (with M Fu, T Li) (2008) 'International and Intra-national Technology Spillovers and Technological Development Paths in Developing Countries', UNU-WIDER Research Paper No 2008/96
Fu, Xiaolan (with A Eisengerich, R De Hoyos) (2007) 'Clusters of Management Practices, Structural Embeddedness and Firm Productivity', SLPTMD Working Paper Series 008 University of Oxford
12 April, 2017
Xiaolan Fu speaks on impact of emerging technologies at UN, ILO meetings
15 December, 2016
TMCD completes MNEmerge project with high-level policy engagement conference at UNIDO
30 November, 2016
Harnessing STI progress for sustainable inclusive development: TMCD hosts inaugural Sino-UK Innovation and Development Forum
30 September, 2016
Xiaolan Fu joins Leadership Council of UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network
06 July, 2016
Paper co-authored by Xiaolan Fu ranked among 'Most Cited Articles' in World Development
06 June, 2016
Xiaolan Fu appointed to Governing Council of proposed new UN Technology Bank
17 May, 2016
Xiaolan Fu presents at World Summit on the Information Society Forum 2016
02 May, 2016
Xiaolan Fu speaks at high-level UN debate on SDGs
17 February, 2016
Xiaolan Fu Gives Keynote on Innovation Collaboration at Inaugural Huawei European Academic Salon
08 January, 2016
Xiaolan Fu Invited to Join Group of High-Level Advisors to New UN Technology Facilitation Mechanism


10 Jun, 2016
'China should continue to invest in science and technology'. Xiaolan Fu interviewed by China Daily
Research interests:

Industrialisation/technology and development; foreign direct investment and economic development in China; emerging Asian economies; innovation in US/EU