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Dr Adeel Malik

Islamic Centre Lecturer in the Economies of Muslim Societies

Adeel Malik is a development macroeconomist with a strong multi-disciplinary orientation. His research engages with questions of long-run development, political economy and economic history, with a special focus on Muslim societies. His work combines quantitative and qualitative research methods. Apart from engaging with cross-country empirics on development, he is trying to develop a broader research lens on the political economy of the Middle East. His most recent contribution to the field was an article on 'The Economics of the Arab Spring', which received the Best Paper Award. It has now been translated into Arabic and several other languages, and formed the basis for a dedicated story in The Economist magazine. Another emerging area of interest is the interplay between religion, land and politics in Pakistan, which he is exploring as part of an IFPRI-funded project on structural constraints to public goods provision in Punjab.

He also holds the Globe Fellowship in the Economies of Muslim Societies at the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies, and is a Research Associate of the Centre for the Study of African Economies and the Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource-Rich Economies, both based at the Department of Economics. He co-directs the ERF Project on the Political Economy of Private Sector Dynamism in the Middle East, and serves as an associate editor of the Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (Middle East Economics and Finance).

Before joining ODID, he completed his doctorate in economics at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar in 2004. His previous research affiliations include: the Department of Economics, Oxford University (2004-05); Merton College (2002-03 and 2005-06); Center for International Development, Harvard University (2001), and Mahbub ul Haq Human Development Centre, Islamabad (1997-1999).

His research on the Middle East’s political economy has featured in CNN, Fortune Magazine, The Times London, Financial Times, and Gulf News. He strongly believes in the role of the public intellectual. In that spirit, he has engaged with a wider audience by occasionally contributing op-ed pieces to The New York Times, Project Syndicate, Al-Jazeera, Huffington Post, and Foreign Policy Magazine.

Teaching is more than a contractual obligation for Adeel. It is part of his intellectual mission, and a passion that sustains his existence in Oxford.He believes engaging with young scholars is one of the greatest privileges of being associated with Oxford University.      

His teaching portfolio reflects an evolving interest in political economy, and spans three graduate programmes: the MPhil in Development Studies, the MPhil in Modern Middle Eastern Studies, and the MSc in Global Governance and Diplomacy. Some details are included below:

  • Political Economy of the Middle East and North Africa

An option for the MPhil in Development Studies (shared with the MPhil in Modern Middle Eastern Studies)

  • Political Economy of Institutions and Development

An option for the MSc in Global Governance and Diplomacy and the MPhil in Development Studies

Additional teaching duties include selective undergraduate tutorials on Quantitative Economics for St. Peter’s College students. He is also supervising graduate dissertations on various aspects of Middle Eastern political economy.

Journal Articles and Special Issues

Malik, Adeel (2014) 'A Requiem for the Arab Development Model', Journal of International Affairs 68 (1): 93-115

Malik, Adeel (with U Hayat) (2014) 'Islamic Finance: Ethics, Principles and Practice', CFA Research Foundation Reviews 9 (3): 1-120

Malik, Adeel (with Bassem Awadallah) (2013) 'The Economics of the Arab Spring', World Development 45: 296–313 (Download from external site)

Malik, Adeel (with S Bond) (2009) 'Natural Resources, Export Structure and Investment', Oxford Economic Papers 61 (4): 675-702

Malik, Adeel (with J Temple) (2009) 'The Geography of Output Volatility', Journal of Development Economics 90 (2): 163-78


Malik, Adeel (2015) 'The Political Economy of Arab Uprisings'. In Steven N Durlauf, Lawrence E Blume (eds) The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, (Online Edition) Palgrave Macmillan (Download from external site)

Malik, Adeel (2011) 'Oil in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Dependence, Distortions and Distribution'. In P Collier, T Venables (eds) Plundered Nations? Successes and Failures in Natural Resource Extraction, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

Malik, Adeel (with F Teal) (2008) 'Towards a Competitive Manufacturing Sector in Nigeria'. In P Collier, C C Soludo, C Pattillo (eds) Economic Policy Options for a Prosperous Nigeria, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

Malik, Adeel (2006) 'Democratic Governance for Human Security'. Human Development in South Asia, Karachi: Oxford University Press

Malik, Adeel (with P Streeten) (2002) 'Asian Drama Revisited'. In K Haq (ed) The South Asian Challenge, Karachi: Oxford University Press

Other Publications

Malik, Adeel (forthcoming) 'From Resource Curse to Rent Curse: Toward a New Political Economy of the Middle East', African Development Bank Working Papers

Malik, Adeel (2015) 'Religion, Land and Politics: Shrines and Literacy in Punjab', PSSP Working Paper 30, Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (Download from external site)

Malik, Adeel (2012) 'Was the Middle East's Economic Descent a Legal or Political Failure: Debating the Islamic Law Matters Thesis', CSAE Working Paper 2012/08 (Download from external site)

Malik, Adeel (with S Bond) (2008) 'Explaining Corss-country Variation in Investment: The Role of Endowments, Institutions and Finance', CSAE Working Paper Oxford: Economics Department

Malik, Adeel (with C Bowdler) (2005) 'Trade Openness and Inflation Volatility', Department of Economics Working Paper, Oxford Oxford: Economics Department

Malik, Adeel (with N Birdsal, M Vaishnav) (2005) 'Poverty and the Social Sectors: The World Bank in Pakistan', Operations Evaluations Department, The World Bank


+44 (1865) 278849

St Peter's College

New Institutional Economics; political economy of growth and development; political economy of Muslim societies; Politics of the private sector in the Middle East

International Development: increasing well-being and reducing inequality in global society