MSc in Refugee & Forced Migration Studies

This nine-month master’s degree places forced migration in an academic framework, preparing you for doctoral study or for work relevant to human rights, refugees, and migration. It offers an intellectually demanding, interdisciplinary route to understanding forced migration in contexts of conflict, repression, natural disasters, environmental change and development policy-making.

The course aims to offer you an understanding of the complex and varied nature of forced migration and refugee populations, of their centrality to global, regional and national processes of political, social and economic change, and of the needs and aspirations of forcibly displaced people themselves. It also helps students develop a broad understanding of academic research related to forced migration and refugees, as well as critical thinking and sound evaluative tools.

You will gain the ability to plan, organise and carry out research into aspects of forced migration and refugee studies and the skills necessary to convey theoretical knowledge of forced migration to a variety of different audiences.

Teaching takes place in small classes of anything from 7 to 25 students, to encourage active participation and to enable students to learn from each other. Teaching styles vary and include lectures, workshops, seminars and student presentations.

The Course Director for 2016/17 is Matthew Gibney.

Structure
Careers

In the first term you will follow core courses which introduce the subject of forced migration from anthropological, political and legal perspectives. There is also a course dedicated to research methods relevant to the study of forced migration.

In the second term, you will take a further core course on morality and continue to study research methods. In addition you will choose two options courses from a list which changes from year to year.

In the third term, you will write a 10,000- to 15,000-word thesis. This is typically a desk-based study, since there is little time to undertake individual fieldwork within the nine months of the course. Although you may attend other options courses, you will only be examined on the core courses, your two chosen option courses and the thesis.

Core Courses

The Anthropology of Forced Migration

Tom Scott-Smith

This course explores the lived experiences of refugees and forced migrants, covering the anthropological literature on displacement, encampment, resettlement and asylum. It looks at how refugee identity is formed, at notions of home and belonging, and it examines how forced migrants interact with aid agencies, governments and the UNHCR.

It is often said that displacement is a process, and this course primarily looks at the human experience of this process, dividing it into stages. Not all forced migrants will experience all of these stages, however, and at certain points in the course we will shift our attention from the lived experience of forced migrants to study in detail the institutions and systems they encounter. Moreover, the aim of this course is not purely to examine the anthropology of refugees, but to discuss the state of contemporary anthropology more generally. It includes the anthropology of suffering, states, humanitarianism, camps, and international organizations. It aims to give a broad overview of contemporary anthropological concerns, an introduction to some particularly impressive ethnographies, and a chance to study in detail how anthropological thinking can contribute to the study of forced migration.

Each week of this Michaelmas term course will be taught through a close reading of a core text: an ethnographic monograph that has been chosen for its originality and scholarly importance. Seminars each week will include the background and context to the text, an overview of related theory and related literature, and then a detailed discussion of the central reading in relation to a few anthropological debates.

International Human Rights and Refugee Law

Cathryn Costello

This course examines the law on forced migration and refugee protection, mainly under international refugee law and international human rights law. At the outset of the course, we will consider the foundations of public international law and international human rights law in turn, in particular as they structure approaches to refugees and migrants generally. Diverse regional and national examples will be referred to repeatedly throughout the course, in particular the refugee policy of the European Union.

This course will be structured around three parts, namely (1) a primer on public international law and international human rights law; (2) the refugee under the Convention on the Status of Refugees 1951; and (3) sources of subsidiary protection and (4) protection of internally-displaced persons.   The course will provide a foundation for the advanced law option in Hilary Term.

The Politics and International Relations of Forced Migration

Matthew Gibney and Alexander Betts

The course aims to introduce students to the key political questions raised by forced migration as a phenomenon that impacts upon those forced to move, the states from which they emanate, and the states which host them, and the global order more generally. The politics of forced migration has resulted in voluminous academic literature in recent decades.  The course will help students navigate and critically assess the major issues, insights and debates considered therein.

This Michaelmas term course is organised around eight different questions which will inform the lecture, reading and discussion for each week, that together give students a rounded view on the key political issues raised by forced migration and how scholars have sought to address them.

Movement and Morality

Matthew Gibney

Human movement across borders raises complex and unavoidable moral questions. States, humanitarian organisations, and individuals often justify their various responses to immigration and refugee movements on moral grounds. It is often claimed, for example, that states have a moral obligation to admit refugees or that controlling immigration is a rightful prerogative of any national community.

This course aims to explore a range of contemporary moral issues raised by border control. Drawing on a number of case studies, the course will consider questions such as whether people should have the right to move freely between states; whether there should be a market in asylum for refugees; what rights illegal migrants should have; and, on what basis states should distribute citizenship.

The answers to these questions (and others that will be considered) are highly contested in practice and in academic literature. The course will map the contours of these lively and important debates and identify the positions that are found to be the strongest.

Research Methods I and II

Tom Scott-Smith and Mathias Czaika

This course in research methods is presented over two terms and has been designed in conjunction with the ESRC guidelines on the provisions of research training for postgraduate research students in the social sciences. In Michaelmas term the programme will focus on qualitative methods and research design, with eight lectures followed by eight interactive seminars. The course will cover everything from conceptual issues such as epistemology and the use of theoretical frameworks, to more practical concerns, such as literature reviews, research questions, and writing up. The lectures will showcase different methods in qualitative social research, covering some of the most widely used research methods, including documentary analysis, interviewing, participant observation, and survey research.

Hilary term will cover quantitative methods of analysis. This will involve an eight-week introduction to descriptive and inferential statistics relevant for the social sciences. Students will focus on how to read, analyse and use statistics. In addition, Hilary term will see students producing a group research project, which, having been planned and assigned during the seminars in Michaelmas term, will be carried out, analysed, written up and presented during Hilary term.

Options

Please note that the option courses available change from year to year. Below is a list of options that were available during 2015-16. There is no guarantee that the same options will be offered in 2016-17.

Critical Approaches to Durable Solutions

Georgia Cole

This course explores the three conventional durable solutions available to refugees, and emergent models seeking to provide non-traditional routes for ending displacement. It is inter-disciplinary in nature, drawing on the work of geographers, sociologists, linguists, anthropologists and political scientists. The first three weeks will assess when, why and how the traditional, institutionalised 'ends' to refugee status (voluntary repatriation; local integration; and resettlement to a third country) have been promoted in various contexts and at certain points in time. The next two weeks will then constitute in depth longitudinal case studies of how two particular refugee caseloads - Rwandans and Eritreans - have been responded to over a sixty year period. The final three weeks will review alternative solutions to ending refugee status and providing durable solutions, including: ‘Mobility, Regional Migration Agreements and the end of refugee status?’; ‘Hypocrisies in the system: Return, Rehabilitation and confused Responsibilities’; and ‘From Displacement to Self-Reliance, Development and Innovation: a critical approach to emerging solutions’.

Dispossession and Displacement in the Modern Middle East

Dawn Chatty

Dispossession and forced migration in the contemporary Middle East is often regarded as synonymous with the Palestinian population. At a stretch of the imagination, it might also take in the Kurdish problem. This course, however, situates both the Palestinian and Kurdish migrations of the twentieth century into the wider and pervasive involuntary movement of populations which has indelibly marked the region throughout the last 100 years. It firmly places the dispossession of peoples in the Middle East as part of the policy of empire, carried further by the colonial and neo-colonial encounter. The aim of this course is to give students an understanding of the way in which dispossession, displacement and social cohesion (integration without assimilation) has come to be a defining feature of life in the 21st-century Middle East, and to illustrate the individual experiences and ethnographic context of the dispossessed community, as a step in understanding the coping strategies and mechanisms of these diverse groups. The course also aims to develop an understanding of the context of such dispossession, statelessness and forced migration, as well as the social, political and environmental price which is paid regionally and globally.

International Relations and Forced Migration

Will Jones

Academics working in Politics and International Relations have rarely focused on issues relating to forced migration. Meanwhile, academics working on forced migration have rarely drawn upon the concepts and theories offered by International Relations. Yet, forced migration, in general, and refugees in particular, are a central part of global politics. Questions such as ‘how do states perceive and respond to refugees?’, ‘what role do UNHCR and the 1951 Convention play?’, and ‘what are the prospects for refugee protection?’, cannot be adequately answered without a basic understanding of international relations. The course aims to provide a range of conceptual tools for understanding the international politics of forced migration, offering a rigorous and challenging introduction to the main conceptual debates in International Relations and a means to understand forced migration through the application of International Relations.

Refugees, Violence and Displacement in Central Africa

Will Jones

This course studies the key issues in the history and politics of refugees, and the displaced more generally through the prism of one of Africa’s most troubled and complex regions: the ‘Great Lakes’ of Central Africa (Rwanda, DR. Congo, Burundi, and Uganda). Combining works by historians, political scientists, anthropologists, practitioners, and activists, the course takes an interdisciplinary approach which links the study of refugees to a host of broader questions about the nature of communal identity, war and violence, gender, the state, and land in Central Africa. In so doing, the course will also engage with important questions around the nature of post-conflict political settlements and peacekeeping, the role of the UN and humanitarianism more generally, and transnational political advocacy such as KONY2012. The course aims to equip students with an in-depth understanding of the issues surrounding violence and displacement in the Great Lakes region, to provide them with the relevant theoretical frameworks from history, politics, and anthropology to be able to sensitively interpret current events and social processes in Central Africa, and to apply that understanding to a wealth of further cases.

The Anthropology of Forced Migration

Tom Scott-Smith

This course explores the lived experiences of refugees and forced migrants, covering the anthropological literature on displacement, encampment, resettlement and asylum. It looks at how refugee identity is formed, at notions of home and belonging, it explores the social lives of refugee camps, and it examines how forced migrants interact with aid agencies, governments and the UNHCR. The course is structured by going through the archetypal stages of a forced migration: initial crisis, human movement, life in camps, interaction with aid agencies, claiming asylum, and then resettlement and life in exile. It is often said that displacement is a process, and this course looks at the human experience of this process. Each
week will involve the close reading of a classic ethnography, from The Heart Grown Bitter, to Purity and Exile, placing them in the context of similar work. The weekly topics are as follows: Week 1: Anthropological thinking;Week 2: Societies in crisis;Week 3: Displacement and dispossession;Week 4: Encampment; Week 5: Aid and relief;Week 6: The architecture of protection;Week 7: Asylum and immigration; Week 8: Integration and re-settlement.

UNHCR and World Politics

Gil Loescher and Jeff Crisp

The political history of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) offers a unique perspective of a major UN agency operating in a highly politicized role caught between a mandate that makes it responsible to governments and dependent on international donors while trying to protect and assist refugees. Although UNHCR was established to ensure protection for refugees and to find solutions to their plight, these objectives are frequently frustrated by political constraints. The course will focus on the historical evolution of UNHCR over the past six decades, its role as an international actor in world politics, and how its activities contributed to and were shaped by Cold Wartensions, decolonization,  development, post-ColdWar changes, the War on Terror and globalization. It will also discuss the agency’s functions, culture and relations with other organizations in the international system, its institutional strengths and weaknesses and some of the key policy challenges the Office will face in the years ahead. The course aims is to provide students with a greater understanding of some of the major tensions and constraints that affect the international refugee protection regime.

The RSC's emphasis on the need to produce scholarship that is both theoretically grounded as well as likely to have a real world impact has had a profound influence on the way that I teach.

Kate Ogg, MSc in Refugee & Forced Migration Studies 2011-12, now Lecturer, Australian National University

Graduates of the MSc in Refugee and Forced Migration Studies have gone on to doctoral degrees, law school, and work relevant to human rights, refugees, and migration. Graduates of the course are now employed in organisations such as the UNHCR, the International Organisation for Migration, UNDP, Save the Children, the European Council on Refugees and Exiles, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Brookings and MacArthur Foundations, as well as national governments and universities around the world.

The course offers support for careers development to current students, including informal careers advice sessions, careers workshops and facilitating internships at key organisations, and to alumni, by disseminating information about employment prospects and maintaining an online network.

Find out more about what some recent graduates of the course are doing now.

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Photo: UNHCR / A Duclos

Please refer to the course webpage on the University's Graduate Admissions pages for full information on selection criteria, application deadlines and English language requirements. Also see our How to Apply page.

Enquiries about the MSc in Refugee and Forced Migration Studies should be addressed to the MSc Course Coordinator, rsc-msc@qeh.ox.ac.uk.